TDAP Vaccines

TDAP Vaccines

What is TDAP?

TDAP stand for Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis.  These are three very serious diseases.

What is Tetanus?

Also known as lockjaw, Tetanus can cause stiffening of the muscles all over the body.  It can lead to tightening of muscles in the head and neck so you can’t open your mouth, swallow, or sometimes even breathe. Tetanus kills about 1 out of 10 people who are infected even after receiving the best medical care.

What is Diphtheria?

It can cause a thick coating to form in the back of the throat leading to breathing problems, heart failure, paralysis, and death.

What is Pertussis?

Also known as Whooping Cough it can cause severe coughing spells, which can cause difficulty breathing, vomiting, and disturbed sleep.

Who needs the TDAP vaccine?

All adults who did not get Tdap vaccine as an adolescent should get one dose of this vaccine. Once they have had this dose, a Td booster should be given every 10 years. Pregnant women should get a dose of Tdap vaccine between 27 and 36 weeks of each pregnancy, preferably during the earlier part of this time period.

Who shouldn't get the TDAP vaccine?

  • A person who has ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction after a previous dose of any diphtheria, tetanus or pertussis containing vaccine, OR has a severe allergy to any part of this vaccine, should not get Tdap vaccine. Tell the person giving the vaccine about any severe allergies.
  • Anyone who had coma or long repeated seizures within 7 days after a childhood dose of DTP or DTaP, or a previous dose of Tdap, should not get Tdap, unless a cause other than the vaccine was found. They can still get Td.
  • Talk to your doctor if you:
    • have seizures or another nervous system problem,
    • had severe pain or swelling after any vaccine containing diphtheria, tetanus or pertussis,
    • ever had a condition called Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS),
    • aren’t feeling well on the day the shot is scheduled.

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